"Victimology, branch of criminology that scientifically studies the relationship between an  injured party and an offender by examining the causes and the nature of the consequent suffering. Specifically, victimology focuses on whether the perpetrators were complete strangers, mere acquaintances, friends, family members, or even intimates and why a particular person or place was targeted.  bCriminal victimization may inflict economic costs, physical injuries, and psychological harm." A. Karmen